Emotion is typically defined as a response to stimuli that involves physiological changes (increased pulse rate, increased body temperature, the activity of certain glands, increased or decreased breathing rate), which motivate a person to act. Simply put, emotions are the feelings of the mind, the equivalent of what physical sensations are to the body.
Ancient doctors believed that different organs controlled certain moods. Happiness, for example, came from the heart, anger from the liver, and fear from the kidneys.
Studies show that connecting a brand to a consumer on an emotional level is one of the most powerful advertising techniques. For example, Nike’s pervasive theme of “success in sports” focuses on a critical emotional trigger, and that has built sponsorships, advertising, and business empires.
In the 17th century, René Descartes viewed the body’s emotional apparatus as mainly hydraulic. He believed that when a person felt angry or sad, it was because individual internal valves opened and released such fluids as bile and phlegm.
A study in the Journal of Consumer Research notes that people who think more abstractly respond better to ads that portray mixed emotions compared to those who feel at a more concrete level.
Pandora only managed to keep Hope locked in the box.
In Greek myth, many of the ills that plagued mankind were creatures of emotion, such as revenge, spite, and envy. Released by the goddess Pandora, they sought to torment the world.
The word “emotion” is from the Latin remove, “to move out, remove, and agitate: from ex-“out” + more, “to move.”
The word “instinct” is from the Latin instincts meaning “instigation, impulse”—which is related to the Proto-Indo-European *steig-, “to prick, stick, or pierce.”
Some researchers fear that technology, particularly social networking,
Exists creating emotional disconnection rather than connection.
Emotional abuse is similar to brainwashing in that it attempts to systematically wear away a person’s self-confidence, self-worth, and self-concept.
Emotional abuse can take many forms, including using economic power to control, threatening to leave, degrading, belittling, continually criticising, name-calling, or shouting.
1st Place Any emotion has three components: 1) physiological changes (e.g., acceleration of heart rate) 2) behavioural response, such as a tendency to escape from or stay in contact with whatever is causing the emotion, and 3) a subjective experience, such as feeling angry, happy, or sad.
Historically, psychologists have disagreed as to whether emotions arise before an action, occur at the same time as an action, or are a response to an automatic physiological process.
In the English language, there are more than 400 words assigned to emotions and sentiments.
I love writing.
I love the swirl and swing of words as they tangle with human emotions.-Wisdom
James A. Michener
Most neuroscientists distinguish between the words “emotion” and “feeling.” They use “emotion” to describe the brain’s auto-programmed response to certain stimuli, and “feeling” to tell our conscious impression of that response.
Charles Darwin believed that emotions were beneficial for evolution because feelings improved chances of survival.
For example, the brain uses emotion to keep us away from a dangerous animal (fear), away from rotting food and fecal matter (disgust), in control of our resources (anger), and pursuit of a good meal or a suitable mate (pleasure and lust).
Research conducted on children and adolescents between the age group 7 and 17 has proved that those with better ability to recognise facial expressions become better leaders and attain higher social status.
Research has shown that the expression and experience of negative emotions (e.g., depression and anxiety) show higher activation in the right frontal cortex and the deeper brain structures, such as the amygdala. In contrast, positive emotions are accompanied by more left frontal cortex activity.
A recent study suggests a strong correlation between wearing certain clothes and emotional states. For example, it revealed that women who are depressed or sad are more likely to wear baggy tops, sweatshirts, or jeans. Women who had more positive emotions were more likely to wear a favourite dress or jewellery and generally look more excellent.
A 1980 study by Robert Plutchik proposed eight primary innate emotions: joy, acceptance, fear, surprise, sadness, disgust, anger, and anticipation. He suggests that complex emotions such as guilt and love are derived from combinations of primary emotions.
Most scientists believe that basic emotions are innate rather than learned. For example, people who are born blind and have never seen faces still display the typical facial expressions of the basic emotions.
Colors can profoundly affect emotional responses. While not everyone experiences the same emotion in response to a particular color, most people find reds and oranges stimulating and blues and purples restful. In contrast, gray, brown, black, or white tend to be emotionally dulling. In fact, studies reveal that children playing in an orange room were friendlier, alert, creative, and less irritable than children in playrooms painted white, brown, and black.
Only humans are known to express the emotion astonishment with their mouth agape. However, there appear to be more similarities than differences in the way animals, especially primates, and humans express such raw emotions as anger, fear, happiness, and sadness. Because animals and humans communicate similar kinds of emotions, Charles Darwin believed the emotional difference between animals and humans is mostly one of complexity and not of type.
Researchers note that when concealing a strong emotion, people tend to let out “micro-expressions,” or sudden leakages, of emotion unbeknownst to themselves very briefly, in as little as a 24th of a second.
Studies show that mothers are less tolerant of crying in boys than in girls, suggesting that the way emotions are expressed by adults are instilled by mothers during the child’s infancy.
Studies show that if people adjust their facial expression to reflect an emotion, they actually begin to feel that emotion.
Studies show that men and women experience the same amount of emotion, but women tend to show it more.
The visually appealing presentations of unhealthy food in menus subtly arouse emotions in consumers.
Scientists argue that if people understood those emotions better, they would make better food choices.
Many psychologists consider instinct and emotion similar in that both are automatic. For example, fear is both an emotion and an intuition. However, while instincts are immediate, irrational, and innate, emotions have the potential to be more rational and part of a complex feedback system linking biology, behavior, and cognition.
While researchers have not found any culture where people spontaneously smile when disgusted or frown when they are happy, they have found some oddities. For example, the Japanese have a more challenging time discerning anger in a face, and they tend to mask their facial expressions of unpleasant feelings more than did Americans.
Researchers note that the emotion most associated with fear is interest. Some psychologists have gone so far as to suggest that fear has two invisible faces: one, the wish to flee and, second, they want to investigate.
Plato described emotion and reason as two horses pulling us in opposite directions. However, modern neurologist Antonio Damasio argues that reasoning depends on emotion and is not in opposition to feeling.
Emotions are contagious. Negative or unpleasant emotions are more infectious than neutral or positive emotions.
Body language often reveals emotion. For example, a person standing with their arms on hips with elbows turned outward is an example of a territorial display. Someone with their hands folded and their thumbs pointed up indicates that he or she has something positive to say. Touching the nose means someone is hiding something. A former FBI agent and specialist in nonverbal communication states that the “feet provide the strongest body language signals.”
A human can make over 10,000 facial expressions to express a wide variety of subtle emotions.
Studies reveal that people recognize and interpret the emotional facial expressions of those in their own race faster than those who are a different race.
From silent films to cartoons such as Tom and Jerry to films such as Psycho and Jaws, music is a widely used stimulus that evokes a variety of emotional responses. Generally, music in a primary key is happy, while music in a minor key is sad. Spoken voices also reflect this tonality. Interestingly, certain emotional tones in music are cross-cultural.
A study of those with amnesia found that the emotions tied to a memory outlast the memories that created them. Researchers note this has important implications for those with Alzheimer’s disease.
Several scientists claim that there is always some emotion occurring in the body, but the emotion is too slight for us to notice or affect what we do.
Of all facial expressions, the smile may be the most deceptive. There are around 18 different smiles, including polite, cruel, false, self-effacing, and so on. But only one reflects genuine happiness; this is known as the Duchenne smile, in honour of the French neurologist who determined this phenomenon, Guillaume-Benjamin-Amand Duchenne (de Boulogne).
Using its site WeFeelFine.org, Stanford University analyzed around 13 million emotions that have been recorded on the Web since 2005. They found older people are usually happier, but for different reasons. Younger people are happy when they are excited, older people are happier when they are at peace. Additionally, women tend to feel more loved than men, but also feel more guilt. Men often feel happier, yet lonelier. They also found that the happiest time of day is lunchtime.
An “eccedentesiast” is someone who hides pain or sadness behind their smile. Did you know that
46. “Coulrophobia” is the fear of clowns. The word possibly originates from the Greek word kolon, meaning “stilt” or “stilt-walkers.”
A kleptomaniac is someone who feels like shouting. Besides they are at their happiness when stealing anything
Bad is good! Bad feelings are necessary and are good. Negative emotions help to strike a balance and help people evaluate those experiences with a positive mindset. Experiencing only positive emotions is not good because when that happens, a person starts ignoring issues that are important for shaping one’s life. Negative emotions include things like anger, fear etc.
Sarcasm Improves Creativity! Weird but true! Studies have revealed that sarcasm improves creativity and smartness. People who receive sarcastic comments need to process different layers of information like biasness, viewpoint, experience etc. This improves problem-solving ability and creativity. Thus, regular exposure to sarcasm is good.
Emotions are Extremely Contagious! Time and again it has been proved that human emotions are contagious by nature. People have been caught mimicking the emotional experiences of others unconsciously.
Micro expressions! So what are micro expressions? You may be darn good at concealing your emotional experiences and the resulting expressions. However, no matter how hard you try, you will always involuntarily express your emotions for a very brief time frame. These brief expressions are called micro expressions. These are so quick that they go unnoticed in real time but when recorded and watched in slo-mo, they will reveal your true emotional state.
Force a Smile! Okay, there are times when smiling literally becomes difficult. However, studies show that if you can force a smile on your face, you will feel happy. But, you need to force this smile for at least 30 seconds.
Colours Spark Emotions: Different colours spark different emotions in us. Yellow, for instance, is associated with joy, and blue helps to calm down a person. So, next time you are restless, you need to get some blue!
Faking is Not Easy! You can easily fake positive emotions but when it comes to negative emotions, they are very difficult to fake. Emotions like fear, sadness anger etc. have several physical indications that cannot be produced on demand.
Sleeping Eases Emotional Distress: REM sleep has been found to help people to recover from emotional distress, especially those related to traumatic experiences. This happens because the production of stress-related hormones are significantly reduced during the REM stage of sleep. Matthew Walker, a neuroscientist, says that during the REM stage of sleep, the brain is capable of lessening the sting of painful memories because process those memories in the absence of those chemicals. Hence, memories become less immediate and thus, less painful. Now. The REM stage of sleep is when the brain produces mind-movies known as dreams.
Our Emotions Shape Our Morals! We usually think that our morals trigger our emotions. For instance, a person with a good heart will either feel angry or sad when he or she sees a person hurting someone else. This however is not true. Studies have revealed that when a person is shown an image of a person hurting another, three parts of the brain are lit up. The first one is the TPJ area responsible for evaluating where the act of hurting was intentional or not. The next part that is activated is the amygdala which controls our emotions. These two part of the brain process the image within 250 milliseconds. Only after that the morality section of the brain becomes active. So, emotions shape morals and not the other way round.
There are 18 different types of smile. This makes smile the most deceptive all facial expressions. Some variants of smile include self-effacing smile, false smile, cruel smile, polite smile and so on. It was French neurologist named Guillaume-Benjamin-Amand Duchenne who figured out that only one out of this 18 variants of smile represents genuine happiness. The smile is known as Duchenne smile in honor of Guillaume.
Ancient Greeks believe that the bad things that plagued humanity were nothing but creatures evolving out of emotions like spite, revenge, envy etc. They thought that it was goddess Pandora who released these creatures to torment the world.
René Descartes from 17th century held the view that emotional apparatus of human body was hydraulic by nature. According to René, whenever valves inside the body opened and released fluids like phlegm and bile, a person would feel sad and angry.
According to ancient doctors, different body organs were assigned the tasks of controlling moods. For example, heart managed happiness; kidneys held fear and liver-directed anger.
Humans are capable of making 10,000 different facial expressions for expressing subtle emotions.
People can understand facial expressions faster for others belonging to their race compared to people from other race.
Neuroscientists differentiate between ‘feeling’ and ‘emotion’. Emotions, they say, are auto-programmed responses of brain towards certain stimuli whereas feelings are conscious impressions of the responses.
Robert Plutchik in the 1980s said that there are eight primary emotions and that a mix of these emotions eventually leads to complex emotions like love and guilt. The eight innate feelings he proposed included anticipation, anger, sadness, disgust, fear, acceptance and joy.
Any emotion experienced by us has three components. The first one is a psychological change such as a spike in heart rate, followed by a tendency of either staying with or running away from the source that is generating the emotion and eventually the subject experience such as feeling sad, happy or angry.
Different studies have revealed that women and men both experience the same level of emotion, but women have a tendency of showing it more.
A major key music is a happy music while a minor key music is a sad music. No wonder, music has always been used to evoke different emotions in people.