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In Righteousness & Mercy In Justice In Steadfast Love & In Mercy Amen 💫💫

History of the Betrothal of ONE man to ONE Woman for Eternity

2:19 betroth. Betrothal was the final step in the courtship process and involved paying a bride price to the bride’s father. Here the qualities of righteousness, justice, love, mercy, and faithfulness are a sort of bride price that guarantees the permanence of the relationship.

righteousness. God’s righteousness is expressed both in His fairness and in the salvation He bestows on His people (10:12; Amos 5:7).

justice. This term can denote the legal decisions and relationships by which justice and fairness are established and restored (5:11; 6:5; 10:4; Amos 5:15, 24; Mic. 6:8).

steadfast love. See note Ex. 15:13.[1]2:19 The four virtues listed in this verse, combined with the faithfulness mentioned in Hos 2:20, form the essence of Yahweh’s character. Biblical writers frequently mention these virtues together (Exod 34:6; Pss 33:5; 86:15; 89:14; Jer 9:24).  

in righteousness and in justice The central ethical principles of the ot. See note on Isa 5:7.

mercy Compare Lam 3:32.

2:19 Recovery is described as a renewed betrothal. The betrothal, a marriage agreement, is established by the payment of a bride price to the bride’s father (2 Sam. 3:14), a practice still found in the Arab world. The bride price paid is righteousness, justice, steadfast love, and mercy. These attributes come only from the Lord (Ex. 34:6–7) and are precisely what Israel desperately lacks. This is in harmony with the divine initiative represented by the many “I wills” in Hosea.💫

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