Poetry is a type of literature or artistic writing that attempts to stir a reader’s imaginaton or emotions. The poet does this by carefully choosing and arranging language for its meaning, sound and rhythm.
There are over 50 types of poetry. Poetry is categorized by the number of lines in the poem, the words in the poem, whether it rhymes or not and what it is about.
The sonnet is a short rhyming poem with 14 lines (see Shakespeare’s sonnets).
The limerick is a 5-line witty poem with a distinctive rhythm.
Haiku – this ancient form of poem is renowned for its small size as well as the precise punctuation and syllables needed on its three lines.
Some poems, such as nursery rhymes are simple and humorous.
The pastoral elicits such wonderful senses of peace and harmony.
Rhyming verse was the norm in the past eg. bush poetry. Modern poetry uses free verse eg. T.S. Eliot.